RAVEN

RAVEN (Heb. בֵרֹוע), bird. Mentioned in the Pentateuch among the unclean birds is "every raven after its kind" (Lev. 11:15). The reference is to the genus Corvus of which four species are found in Israel, three black (cf. Song 5:11) and one, very prevalent near inhabited areas, the hooded crow, Corvus corone, which has a gray back and belly and a black head and wings. It is commonly found in Jerusalem where it nests in high trees. Metal spikes were placed on the roof of the Temple to prevent ravens, undoubtedly attracted by the remains of sacrifices, from sitting on these (Mid. 4:6) and disturbing the Temple service with their raucous cries. These sounds are particularly strident during hot spells at the beginning of summer, when the "youngravens" leave the nest. Although already grown, the young are incapable of finding food, and since they have a voracious appetite, their parents fly to and fro in search of food for them, the air being filled with their cries, and hence the description: "He giveth to the beast his food, and to the young ravens which cry" (Ps. 147:9). These young ravens cry, as it were, to God to satisfy their hunger, as it says in Job (38:41): "Who provideth for the raven his prey, when his young ones cry unto God…?" The hooded crow is found in flocks which with great devotion defend their companions and especially the young, and hence the saying: "Three love one another, proselytes, slaves, and ravens" (Pes. 113b). The black raven, Corvus corax, preys on small animals and feeds on carcasses and corpses (cf. Prov. 30:17). Although folklore represents the raven as presaging evil (cf. Isa. 34:11), it is once mentioned in a favorable context, ravens having fed elijah when he hid in the brook cherith (I Kings 17:2–6). The raven is endowed with a highly developed sense of orientation, and in eastern countries mariners took with them ravens to direct them to dry land; the story of the raven in the ark (Gen. 8:7) is reminiscent of this. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Lewysohn, Zool, 172–5, nos. 205–8; F.S. Bodenheimer, Animal and Man in Bible Lands (1960), 57; J. Feliks, Animal World of the Bible (1962), 88. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 258. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Raven — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Raven puede referirse a: el EF 111A Raven, aeronave diseñada para el rol de guerra electrónica el RQ 11 Raven, un avión no tripulado la banda Raven , un grupo de heavy metal británico el personaje Raven, un personaje …   Wikipedia Español

  • Raven — Жанр хеви метал Годы 1974 настоящее время Страна …   Википедия

  • raven — (n.) O.E. hræfn (Mercian), hrefn; hræfn (Northumbrian, W.Saxon), from P.Gmc. *khrabanas (Cf. O.N. hrafn, Dan. ravn, Du. raaf, O.H.G. hraban, Ger. Rabe raven, O.E. hroc rook ), from PIE root *qer , *qor , imitative of harsh sounds (Cf. L …   Etymology dictionary

  • Raven — puede referirse a: ● Raven, un superhéroe de la serie de Teen Titans (Los Jóvenes Titanes) del universo DC. ● The Baltimore Ravens, un equipo de la Liga Profesional de Fútbol (National Football League, NFL) ● Raven Clothing, una marca registrada… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Raven — Ra ven, a. Of the color of the raven; jet black; as, raven curls; raven darkness. [1913 Webster] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Raven — Raven, VA U.S. Census Designated Place in Virginia Population (2000): 2593 Housing Units (2000): 1219 Land area (2000): 6.833125 sq. miles (17.697711 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.833125 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Raven, VA — U.S. Census Designated Place in Virginia Population (2000): 2593 Housing Units (2000): 1219 Land area (2000): 6.833125 sq. miles (17.697711 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 6.833125 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Raven — Ra ven (r[=a] v n), n. [AS. hr[ae]fn; akin to D. raaf, G. rabe, OHG. hraban, Icel. hrafn, Dan. ravn, and perhaps to L. corvus, Gr. ko rax. [root]19.] (Zo[ o]l.) A large black passerine bird ({Corvus corax}), similar to the crow, but larger, and… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Raven — Rav en, v. i. To prey with rapacity; to be greedy; to show rapacity. [Written also {ravin}, and {ravine}.] [1913 Webster] Benjamin shall raven as a wolf. Gen. xlix. 27. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • raven — raven1 [rā′vən] n. [ME < OE hræfn, akin to ON hrafn, Ger rabe < IE echoic base * ker , *kor , imitative of harsh sounds > Gr korax, L corvus, raven: so named from its cry] any of various large crows; esp., the largest crow (Corvus corax) …   English World dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.